Hybrid dog breeding has become increasingly popular since the introduction of the now-iconic Labradoodle in the 1970s.
One of the latest hybrid dogs breeds to join in the craze is the American Eskimo Golden Retriever mix dog.
Here, breeders are crossing one of the most popular dog breeds in the world, the Golden Retriever, with a lesser-known but trendy breed, the American Eskimo dog.
What will the puppies be like? Read on to find out!
American Eskimo Golden Retriever Mix
The American Eskimo Golden Retriever mix dog is a hybrid dog breed with one purebred American Eskimo dog parent and one purebred Golden Retriever dog parent.
There are several levels, or generations, of hybrid dog breeding, which means it is important to identify the traits you want your puppy to have before choosing your breeder.
Read on to learn what to expect when you choose an American Eskimo Golden Retriever mix puppy.
Watch an American Eskimo Dog and a Golden Retriever Dog Playing
In this YouTube video, you can get a better sense of the size and overall appearance differences between an American Eskimo dog and a Golden Retriever dog.
But in terms of personality, both pups are playful and joyful and seem very much alike! This bodes well for any American Eskimo Golden Retriever puppy that comes from a high-quality hybrid litter.
Why Hybrid Dog Breeding Is Important
While some purebred dog breeders downplay the importance of hybrid dog breeding programs, calling them “designer dogs” or “fancy mutts,” hybrid dog breeding has been around almost as long as dogs!
Crossing two purebred dog breeds to create a new dog breed is how many of our most cherished modern dogs have been created.
Why would somebody want to cross two purebred dog breeds together? The main reason is to create a dog with a particular appearance, temperament, or skill set.
For example, as the Golden Retriever Club of America explains, the Golden Retriever breed was created by crossing a wavy-coated retriever with a Tweed Water Spaniel and later a Red Setter.
As the American Eskimo Dogs Organization of Vancouver highlights, today’s American Eskimo dog is descended from a long and ancient line of wolf-like Spitz dogs and is still bred in three sizes.
So it is a rare dog breed indeed that is considered thoroughly “natural” – free from the influence of formal breeding programs.
What You Need to Know About Hybrid Dog Breeding
Very few of today’s purebred dog breeds looked like they do today when breeders first started working to develop them. There is always a lot more genetic diversity in the early stages of new dog breed development.
As we explained in the previous section here, hybrid dog breeding is increasingly popular today as breeders strive to create new purebred dog breeds with desirable traits and strong health.
The closer the puppy is to the original cross between two different purebred dog breeds, the more diversity you will see even between two puppies in the same litter.
This is because it can be hard to predict which purebred parent dog will have the most genetic influence over each puppy in a litter. So watching your little pup grow up can bring some surprises!
The closer your puppy is to the founding purebred dog breeds, the more genetic diversity you will see between puppies in each litter.
For example, one puppy in the litter might look a lot like a Golden Retriever, while another puppy in that same litter might more closely resemble an American Eskimo dog.
The farther away your puppy gets from the founding purebred dog breeds, the more genetic similarity you will see between puppies in each litter. In other words, the puppies will begin to look and act a lot more alike.
If you don’t have much of a preference as far as how your puppy looks or acts, you can work with an earlier generation (F1, F1b) hybrid dog breeder.
But if you have a preference for a certain temperament, coat type, size, or overall appearance, you will want to work with a hybrid dog breeder that focuses on later generations (F2, F2b, F3, F3b, and so on).
Meet the American Eskimo and the Golden Retriever
One of the main reasons some breeders focus on hybrid or designer dog breeding is because it is exciting to create a new dog breed.
Here is one example.
Let’s say the dog breeder wants to create a new purebred dog breed that acts as a friendly retriever breed but looks more like a traditional spitz dog. In this case, crossing a Golden Retriever with an American Eskimo dog could be one way to do this.
But before the breeder can decide which two purebred dog breeds to crossbreed, they would have to learn about each purebred dog breed to find the ones that are the best match.
So let’s take that approach and learn more about the history of the Golden Retriever and the American Eskimo dog in this section.
Golden Retriever dog history
The Golden Retriever Club of America (GRCA) states that today’s purebred Golden Retriever has a strong working dog background.
The origin of the earliest Golden Retrievers is still somewhat unclear. What is known is that the modern Golden Retriever we know and love today can be traced back to an English gun dog enthusiast named Lord Tweedmouth.
Canine historians believe that Lord Tweedmouth began the new breed line by crossbreeding his personal yellow-coated gun dog to a female Tweed Water Spaniel.
Research indicates these early Golden Retrievers may also have been out-crossed (crossbred) with red setters, flat-coated retrievers, St. John’s Waterdogs, and bloodhounds to stabilize the traits and appearance Lord Tweedmouth was aiming for.
Golden Retrievers are loyal, loving, brave, athletic, strong, and friendly. The American Kennel Club (AKC) breed registry states that Golden Retrievers are medium to large size dogs that weigh 55 to 75 pounds and stand 21.5 to 24 inches tall (paw pads to shoulders).
And interestingly, Park Avenue Animal Hospital explains, the golden color for which these dogs are named can vary quite a bit from one dog to the next.
American Eskimo dog history
The American Eskimo dog’s breed name is not at all accurate in terms of the actual breed history and origins.
Not only does the American Eskimo dog have nothing to do with American Eskimos, but this dog is actually German in origin.
The American Eskimo dog belongs to the ancient group of German spitz-type dogs – dogs that tend to be smaller in body size but oversized in personality and bravery.
German Spitz dogs all share some appearance traits in common, including the fox-like face and ruff of fur around the neck and chest. However, there are many different spitz dogs and they differ quite a bit in size.
The modern American Eskimo dog is actually bred in three sizes today – toy, miniature, and standard – with a weight range of six to 35 pounds.
The American Eskimo dog got its modern breed name in the wake of World War I, when anti-German feeling made the name German Spitz unpopular, to say the least.
The modern American Eskimo dog has made a name for themselves as natural trick dogs, performing in roadshows and circuses across the country and proving indispensable as ranching, herding, and all-around farming dogs.
With their pure white fur, lion-like neck ruffs, and bright, alert faces, American Eskimo dogs are becoming more popular every year.
Meet the American Eskimo Golden Retriever Mix Dog
So now that you have met the modern founding purebred dog breeds, the Golden Retriever and the American Eskimo dog, let’s turn our attention to what to expect when you choose an American Eskimo Golden Retriever mix dog!
There are several important variables to consider as you are choosing a new puppy – especially when that puppy will be a hybrid dog breed. We will review each variable in this section.
Size, height, and weight
The Golden Retriever generally weighs between 55 and 75 pounds and stands 21.5 to 24 inches tall from paw pads to shoulder tops.
The American Eskimo dog generally weighs between six and 35 pounds and stands between nine and 19 inches tall.
This tells you that your hybrid American Eskimo Golden Retriever puppy could potentially grow up to be anywhere from six to 75 pounds and stand anywhere from nine to 24 inches tall.
The best way to guesstimate how large and tall your puppy will be is to meet the parent dogs or at least get their statistics from the breeder.
For example, if the American Eskimo dog parent weighs 35 pounds and stands 19 inches tall and the Golden Retriever parent weighs 55 pounds and stands 22 inches tall, this gives you a more manageable range to plan for.
Temperament and personality
The Golden Retriever has a friendly, happy-go-lucky yet high-energy temperament and is easy to train, loyal, and devoted to their people.
The American Eskimo dog is smart, trainable, and full of energy. They are not great guard dogs but are certainly better than the never-met-a-stranger Golden Retriever.
What this tells you is that your American Eskimo Golden Retriever dog is likely to be friendly, people-focused, easy to train, loyal, and energetic. You can also expect to have a rambunctious puppyhood ahead with this high-energy dog.
Grooming, coat care, and shedding
The Golden Retriever and the American Eskimo dog are both double-coated dog breeds.
The layer of fur next to the skin serves as a winter coat in the cold season and sheds out during the warm season. The outer layer stays in place all year long to protect the skin from water, wind, pests, injury, and the elements.
Since both parent dog breeds are double-coated dog breeds, you can absolutely expect your American Eskimo Golden Retriever dog to be double-coated as well.
This means you will have a dog that blows out or sheds its undercoat seasonally and sheds lightly to moderately all year long.
Socialization, training, and exercise
The Golden Retriever and the American Eskimo dog breeds are both essentially working dog breeds, although neither is classified as such by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
Retrievers are gun dogs that specialize in retrieving downed waterfowl and other small prey animals. They have semi-webbed toes that make them great swimmers and a thick coat to keep them warm even in frigid water.
Spitz dogs are small, agile, quick, and fearless. They have thick insulating coats to protect them even on the coldest winter days and are tireless workers when herding or guarding livestock or assisting in various ways around the ranch or farm.
What this tells you is that your American Eskimo Golden Retriever mix dog will need plenty of exercises and playtime to keep them calm in the home.
They are people-centric dogs that will do very well with positive reinforcement-based training, easily mastering new skills and tricks and eagerly performing them for adoring audiences.
Health and longevity
Both the Golden Retriever and the American Eskimo dog can have heritable (genetic) health problems. Your breeder should test breeding stock to ensure these issues are not passed to puppies.
Golden Retrievers can suffer from genetic hip and elbow issues, eye and heart problems. Golden Retrievers can also have canine cancer.
The average lifespan for a Golden Retriever is 10 to 12 years.
American Eskimo dogs can have heritable hip, elbow, and knee joint problems including Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, autoimmune thyroiditis, heart, and eye issues.
The average life expectancy for an American Eskimo dog is 13 to 15 years.
Is the American Eskimo Golden Retriever Mix Your Next Dog
Now you have the right information to decide if an American Eskimo Golden Retriever mix dog might be the right companion canine for you!